The Challenges and Opportunities of Affordable Housing in India

As other developing economies, India is also touching the boundaries of urbanisation and the pace of it is quite evident with the increase in percentage of urban population in recent past. As per Indian census, in 2011, 31% of Indian population contributed to urban population. According to estimates, around 600 million people are expected to make urban India their home by 2031, a whopping 59% growth over 2011. And to match this growth, the infrastructure of our country also needs to be developed. In India, home ownership is a dream for most of the “emerging middle class group”, “economically weaker sections” and “lower income groups”. They face various challenges when they think of buying any property.

  • The distance between the house and connecting areas makes a big difference on buying decisions of prospective buyers. The lack of land available in urban area makes the task of builders very difficult, this in turn poses a challenge to potential “affordable housing” customer of the connectivity with his work areas in the cities. This can be overcome if there is a rapid transit system of transportation available in the area.
  • The knowledge of various documents which needs to be provided to avail home loan facilities, still lack in various sections of society. This makes the task difficult for them to avail the loan facilities. Various financial institutions of our country should step forward and provide financial literacy to each section of society so that they don’t be deprived of their rights.
  • Many sections of society still do not know about such affordable housing schemes. The companies undertaking such projects should come forward and run various programs to educate these sections.
  • The rising cost of constructions and various taxes levied upon the customers makes the buyers take a backseat. Government should step in and make various committees to rule out the unnecessary taxes and turn this into single window clearances which will make this scheme accessible to all the needy ones.

Going forward, Government and builders jointly can bring harmony to the lives LIG’s and EWS of the society. The construction pace of such projects should also be looked upon without compromising the quality. Various taxes on construction material can be exempted which will in turn reduce the cost of ownership. New age technology can be incorporated for faster completion of the projects and granting possessions. Also, the local byelaws regarding parking etc should also be fine-tuned. The urban infrastructure should also be developed in relation to affordable housing projects so that the increasing demand of urbanisation can be met with the infrastructure of city.

In a country like India where a bus driver owns a latest technology mobile phone, but lacks the ownership of his house, affordable housing scheme might bring a great change. It will serve as a ray of hope for those who really want to fulfill the dream of having their house.

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Affordable Housing- A New Game Changer

In a country where having a home is considered to be the most essential thing, affordable housing schemes have taken the pledge to fulfil everyone’s dream. The Indian economy is regulated by many factors and now affordable housing has added its name to those lists of factors. The impact of these schemes is coming up very positive and real estate sector once flagged is now picking up steadily. The softening of interest rates which were stable from quite some time, has also lead to the growth of the affordable housing scheme.

This scheme is flourishing and will soon be the game changer for the real estate sector. With over 30% growth rate predictions, this sector will soon be the talk of the town. Affordable housing scheme is selling like hot-cakes and seems to fulfill a dream of owning house of every common man.

According to Knight Frank India, a real estate consultancy, there has already been a significant surge in affordable housing projects across eight major cities. Homes priced below Rs 50 lakh accounted for about 71% of the total launches between January and June 2017, a significant 52% increase from the corresponding period in 2016.

After demonetization, real sector dealt with a severe blow but affordable housing scheme has generated a new source of revenue. It had encouraged the developers and builders confidence in taking up various new projects and investing their efforts.

No doubt that Government is fully supporting this scheme, but also investors having full faith in this scheme. A major factor for its phenomenal growth is the keen interest taken by Modi Government in the housing programs run by them. This year’s budget also boosted the confidence of this sector. Policies like RERA (Real Estate Regulatory Authority) have infused full confidence among buyers and they are getting more decisive in terms of home buying.

The availability of cheap home loans in market is also encouraging the buyers to go ahead with their decisions for affordable housing. The home loan market in India consists of 76 lenders. These include state-run banks, private banks, and housing finance companies (HFCs). All these are trying to woo customers. Out of all these HFCs are ruling their way out. According to an India Ratings and Research report, affordable housing finance is set to be an Rs 6 trillion market by 2022. The research agency has also predicted a whopping demand for 25 million homes in the medium-income group (MIG) and lower-income group (LIG) categories over the next five years.

With all these factors driving the affordable housing schemes to be successful, surely it’s going to be a game-changer for the real estate industry in the near future. Government policies and support to provide housing for all by 2020 seems to be taking shape and coming along positively.

Source By : http://www.prfree.org/news-affordable-housing-a-new-game-changer-432820.html